The major pathway of ethanol metabolism is the oxidative pathway that involves alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) present in the cytosol of hepatocytes . This ADH produces acetaldehyde, which is toxic due to its high reactivity and may form DNA or protein adducts [16,17]. Some of the alcohol that is ingested orally does not enter the systemic circulation but may be oxidized in the stomach by ADH and their isoforms. Since the Km of most ADH isozymes for ethanol is low (about 1 mM), ADH is saturated at low concentrations of alcohol, and the MEOS system is activated . A range of genetic, behavioral, and environmental variables contribute to alcoholism . You’ll need to be especially careful not to replace alcohol with sugar or caffeine.
Moreover, it is common for alcoholics to have depleted magnesium. Supplementing magnesium during alcohol detox can help improve some withdrawal symptoms. Magnesium helps your body absorb other vitamins, eases muscle aches and tension, and aids in sleep. Due to decreased hepatic storage, vitamin B9 and vitamin B12 deficiencies can develop quickly in chronic liver illness. However, alcohol consumption affects the metabolism of homocysteine (tHcy) because the enzyme cofactor for the conversion of tHcy to methionine is vitamin B12. Decreased levels of vitamin B12 levels were shown to be adversely connected with tHcy and significantly linked with indicators of alcohol-related liver impairment in recent research .
Are there any specific meal plans recommended for recovering alcoholics?
Numerous studies have described that vitamin supplementation could reduce hepatotoxicity. However, further studies with reference to the changes in vitamin status and the nutritional management of chronic liver disease are in demand. One of the many risk factors for vitamin C (including the three forms of vitamin C) and E insufficiency is excessive alcohol intake [58,59]. When compared to those who do not consume alcohol, urine ascorbic acid excretion increased by 47% after acute alcohol consumption of up to 0.58 g ethanol/kg body weight . Furthermore, short-term intravenous vitamin C therapy (500 mg/day for five days) significantly improved serum vitamin C levels in chronic alcoholics with hypovitaminosis C . Despite these findings, a previous study indicated that chronic drinkers’ blood levels can take up to three months to restore to normal after taking oral vitamin C supplements [65,66].
- There hasn’t been a lot of research on the role of nutritional therapy in recovery from substance use yet.
- Some of the alcohol that is ingested orally does not enter the systemic circulation but may be oxidized in the stomach by ADH and their isoforms.
- Other good sources of vitamin B6 include bananas, avocados, and peanuts.
- In addition, Kaur et al.  studied examined vitamin E supplementation in ethanol-treated mice and found that it restored redox state, decreased apoptosis, and lowered oxidative stress markers.
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We’ll dive into each type in related articles to help you determine whether or not you think these alcohol detox supplements are right for you. Rest assured that there are compounds from each of these categories that work incredibly well for alleviating alcohol withdrawals and restoring healthy body chemistry. There were also associations between both vitamin C and vitamin B9 [117,118] while the molecular basis is unknown.
Diet for Recovering Alcoholics: Nourish Your Recovery
Vital nutrients infuse your body with the resources it needs to function properly. A well-balanced diet reduces illness, stress, and emotional discomfort. Zinc is another nutrient that may be lacking in your body https://ecosoberhouse.com/ as you recover from alcohol addiction.Among other benefits, you need zinc to keep anxiety at manageable levels. Anxiety is a symptom of alcohol withdrawal, so increasing your zinc intake may help ease withdrawal.
More specifically, B vitamins can aid in the alcohol withdrawal process. Thiamine is a vital nutrient for your body’s energy metabolism and can prevent the development vitamins for recovering alcoholics of Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome during alcohol withdrawal. During alcohol detox, your treatment team will likely give you an oral multivitamin containing folic acid.
Some Vitamins and Minerals May Reduce Alcohol Toxicity
There are at least nutrients that have been clinically shown to help people quit drinking and repair their bodies. Which ones are most beneficial for you will depend on your biochemistry. Often there is a process of trial and error to determine the best possible supplement regimens, but luckily there are effective programs that can help.
There are many different vitamin supplements you can take, some of the most important ones are Vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6 and Vitamin C. Most of these can be found in a multivitamin as well. B-vitamins are a good place to start for recovering alcoholics, who may have deficiencies in these cofactors needed to produce neurotransmitters and feel-good hormones. Aperson with alcohol use disorder may be deficient in vitamins A, C, E, K and the B vitamins, as well as the minerals calcium, magnesium, iron, and zinc. A person with alcohol use disorder may also be prescribed a B-vitamin complex or a vitamin B12 supplement.
A Complete Guide to Supplements and Vitamins for Recovering Alcoholics
If you have any questions about alcohol withdrawal vitamins or supplements, please post them in the comment box below. In a related article, I share why these are the best vitamins and minerals for alcohol detox as well as some signs of deficiency. CYP2E1, an enzyme engaged in ethanol metabolism directly or by creating reactive oxidative metabolites, is implicated in ethanol disruption of enzymes involved in vitamin D metabolism [83,91]. The elevated levels of CYP2E1 seen in broncho-alveolar lavage fluid or liver samples of people with alcohol use disorder are likely due to this [80,92]. Several research articles have linked alcohol-mediated oxidative stress and ethanol-inducible CYP2E1 with oxidative stress and their toxicity, both in in vitro and in vivo models.
If you’re in recovery from alcohol use disorder, adding this supplement into your diet can help with anxiety, depression, chronic pain, and many other issues that might trigger alcohol cravings. DL-phenylalanine can also be a useful supplement for alcohol withdrawal. Alcohol interferes with the digestion and absorption of nutrients. Although small amounts of alcohol may not have a big impact on your nutritional health, many chronic, heavy drinkers struggle with significant nutrient deficiencies. Good nutrition in recovery can also boost your mental health—an important factor in maintaining your sobriety.
Vitamin A (retinol)
It may also depend on any other physical and mental health issues an individual has. Caring for your whole self as you overcome alcohol addiction is critical to lasting success. Restoring your body’s nutrient levels after quitting alcohol can benefit both your physical and mental well-being. This contributes to greater stability in recovery, making it easier to stick with sobriety.